The Blue Ridge Mountains form part of the mystique around the Appalachian region.
The Blue Ridge Mountains form part of the mystique around the Appalachian region.

My research has two main foci: language variation and change, particularly in the varieties of English in the Southern United States, and the perception of phonetic processes. My work has examined variation in the Appalachian region, with an emphasis on vocalic and intonational variation. I examine the effect that socio-indexical aspects of individuals have on various phonetic processes. Also, I have investigated various phonetic processes and how they affect or impact the perception and processing of speech. Some of these processes are locus equations, the impact of noise, how signal degradation and speech rate affects connected speech perception, and syllable structure.

Other areas of interest are statistical analysis, particularly mixed effects models and other hierarchical linear models. I have served as a statistical consultant for several projects, from the acquisition of spelling to lipreading.

Outside of my phonetic work, I have investigated other aspects of the linguistics of Southern American English. With Stan Dubinsky, we have an ongoing project examining the syntax and semantics of multiple modals. In a related vein, I am the co-director, with Michael Montgomery, of MultiMo, a searchable database of published and unpublished tokens of multiple modals.

Here, you can find materials relevant to my published research and presentations.

I provide full links for these papers that have appeared and to presentations and posters.
My CV contains more information about other projects that are in various stages of the publication process.


Publications

Reed, Paul E. In press. Appalachia, monophthongization, and intonation: Rethinking tradition. In Proceedings of Language Variation in the South (LAVIS IV) Eds. Walt Wolfram, Jeffrey Reaser, and Eric Wilbanks. University of North Carolina Press.

Montgomery, Allen A., Paul E. Reed, Kimberley A. Crass, H. Isabel Hubbard, and Joanna Stith. 2014. The effects of measurement error and vowel removal on the locus equation measure of coarticulation. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 136(5), 2747-2750.

Reed, Paul E. 2014a. Defining the field: A comprehensive introduction to sociophonetics. Review of Sociophonetics: An Introduction by Erik R. Thomas. American Speech 89(1), 111-114.

Reed, Paul E. 2014b. Inter- and intra- generational monophthongization and Southern Appalachian identity. Southern Journal of Linguistics 38(1), 159-193.

Outreach Publications

Reed, Paul E. 2016. Mountain Talk. Tar Heel Junior Historian Magazine Spring

Submitted Papers

Werfel, Krystal, Melanien Schuele, and Paul E. Reed. Under Revision. Linguistic contributions to spelling accuracy in elementary children with SLI. Journal of Learning Disabilities.

Adams, Charley A., Kimberley A. Crass, Allen A. Montgomery, and Paul E. Reed. Under review. Influence of lexical characteristics on the lipreading of words in sentences. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research.

Dubinsky, Stanley, and Paul E. Reed. Under Review. The syntax and semantics of double modal constructions in an American English dialect. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory.

Reed, Paul E. Submitted. Inter- and intra-regional variation in intonation: An analysis of rising pitch accents and rootedness. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Works in Progress

Reed, Paul E. In preparation. Monophthongization of /ay/ as a local identity marker.

Reed, Paul E. In preparation. Language, place, and rootedness in Appalachia: A case study.

Reed, Paul E. In preparation. Monophthongization and identity: Change across the lifespan.

Reed, Paul E., and Michael Montgomery. In preparation. Evidence of earlier African-American English in a bi-racial Appalachian enclave community.

Recent Presentations and Posters

2016

Reed, Paul E. 2016. Monophthongization of /ay/ as a local identity marker. Paper presented at the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics (SECOL) 83. New Orleans, LA. March 28-31. (pdf of slides)

2015

Reed, Paul E. 2015a. Social Class in rural populations: Rethinking paradigms. Poster presented at the Linguistic Society of America (LSA) Annual Meeting. Portland, OR. January 8-11. (pdf of poster)

Reed, Paul E. 2015b. Appalachian local orientation and intonation: A sociophonetic account. Paper presented at the American Dialect Society (ADS) Annual Meeting. Portland, OR. January 8-11. (pdf of slides)

Reed, Paul E. 2015c. Mountain intonation: Using pitch in Appalachian English. Paper presented at the Appalachian Studies Association (ASA) Annual Conference. Johnson City, TN. March 27-29. (pdf of slides)

Reed, Paul E. 2015d. Appalachia, monophthongization, and intonation: Rethinking tradition. Invited presentation at Language Variation in the South (LAVIS) IV. Raleigh, NC. April 9-11. (pdf of slides)

Reed, Paul E. 2015e. Place and language: A flexible metric for Rootedness. Poster presented at New Ways of Analyzing Variation (NWAV) 44. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. October 22-25. (pdf of poster)

Reed, Paul E. 2015f. Using vowel trajectories for Southern U.S. monophthongization. Poster presented at the Acoustical Society of America (ASA) Fall Meeting. Jacksonville, FL. November 2-6. (pdf of poster)

2014

Dubinsky, Stanley, and Paul E. Reed. 2014. A definitive account of double modal distribution in Southern American English. Poster presented at the American Dialect Society (ADS) Annual Meeting. Minneapolis, MN. January 2-5. (pdf of poster)

Reed, Paul E., and Stanley Dubinsky. 2014. The syntax of multiple modals from a corpus and experimental perspective. Poster presented at Linguistic Society of America (LSA) Annual Meeting. Minneapolis, MN. January 2-5. (pdf of poster)

Reed, Paul E. 2014a. Rising pitch realization in Appalachian English. Paper presented at the American Dialect Society (ADS) Annual Meeting. Minneapolis, MN. January 2-5. (pdf of slides)

Reed, Paul E. 2014b. Best practices in representing Appalachian Speech. Paper presented at the Appalachian Studies Association (ASA) Annual Conference. Huntington, WV. March 28-30. (pdf of slides)

Reed, Paul E. 2014c. The realization of pitch as a socio-pragmatic identity marker. Poster presented at the New Ways of Analyzing Variation (NWAV) 43. Chicago, IL. October 23-26. (pdf of poster)

2013

Reed, Paul E., and Michael Montgomery. 2013. Earlier African-American English: Evidence from an Appalachian bi-racial enclave community. Paper presented at the Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics (SPCL) Winter Meeting. Boston, MA. January 4-5. (pdf of slides)

Reed, Paul E. 2013a. Vowels in Appalachia: Linguistics and language change. Paper presented at the Appalachian Studies Association (ASA) Annual Conference. Boone, NC. March 22-24. (pdf of slides)

Reed, Paul E. 2013b. Exploration of methods and activities that allow greater student involvement in the instruction of articulatory and acoustic phonetics Paper presented at the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics (SECOL) 80. Spartanburg, SC. April 4-6. (pdf of slides)

2012

Reed, Paul E. 2012a. An exemplar-based cross-treatment analysis of learners’ acquisition of the Spanish vowel space. Paper presented at Current Approaches to Spanish and Portuguese Second Language Phonology (CASPSLaP). Columbia, SC. February 16-18. (pdf of slides)

Reed, Paul E., and D. Eric Holt. 2012. Native speakers perceptions of L2 connected speech in Spanish. Paper presented at Current Approaches to Spanish and Portuguese Second Language Phonology (CASPSLaP). Columbia, SC. February 16-18.

Reed, Paul E. 2012b. Inter- and intra-generational monophthongization and Appalachian identity: A family and self study. Paper presented at the 2nd Annual Interdisciplinary Symposium on Language. Jefferson City, TN. March 15. (pdf of slides)

Reed, Paul E. 2012c. Monophthongization and Southern Appalachian identity. Paper presented at the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics (SECOL) 79. Lexington, KY. April 12-14. (pdf of slides)

Reed, Paul E. 2012d. Monophthongization and Southern Appalachian identity: Change over a lifetime. Poster presented at New Ways of Analyzing Variation (NWAV) 41. Bloomington, IN. October 25-28. (pdf of poster)

Reed, Paul E., and Michael Montgomery. 2012. Monophthongization and /r/-lessness in an Appalachian biracial enclave community Poster presented at New Ways of Analyzing Variation (NWAV) 41. Bloomington, IN. October 25-28. (pdf of poster)

Reed, Paul E., and Allen A. Montgomery. 2012. Stability of locus equations with error and vowel removal. Poster presented at the American Speech, Hearing, and Language Association (ASHA) National Convention. Atlanta, GA. November 15-17. (pdf of poster)

2011

Reed, Paul E., and Michael Montgomery. 2011. The multiple modal database: A new resource for researchers. Paper presented at the American Dialect Society (ADS) Annual Meeting. Pittsburgh, PA. January 6-8.

Reed, Paul E. 2011a. Ehpanol in loh Ehtadoh Unidoh. Paper presented at Spanish Linguistics in North Carolina (SLINKI). Raleigh, NC. January 22.

Reed, Paul E. 2011b. Towards an understanding of the development of “hay”. Paper presented at the 19th University of Texas Colloquium on Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian Literatures and Linguistics. Austin, TX. February 25-26. (pdf of slides)

Reed, Paul E. 2011c. Towards an understanding of the implicational relationships of multiple modals: A study in Northeast Tennessee. Paper presented at the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics (SECOL) 78. Pine Mountain, GA. April 13-15. (pdf of slides)

Reed, Paul E., and Michael Montgomery. 2011. The MultiMo database and website: A new resource for researchers. Paper presented at the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics (SECOL) 78. Pine Mountain, GA. April 13-15.

Moreno, Nina, Casey Carroll, and Paul E. Reed. 2011. Intra-ethnic attitudes toward language maintenance within a Hispanic community in the South. Paper presented at the American Association of Teachers of Spanish and Portuguese (AATSP) Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. July 6-9. (pdf of slides)

Holt, D. Eric, and Paul E. Reed. 2011. Native speaker perceptions of learners’ connected speech processes in Spanish. Poster presented at the Hispanic Linguistic Symposium. Athens, GA. October 6-9. (pdf of poster)